A sexual disorder, or sexual dysfunction, refers to a problem during any phase of the sexual response cycle that prevents the individual or couple from suffering satisfaction while doing sexual intercourse. The sexual response cycle has four stages: excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution.
While research suggests that sexual disorder is common (43% of women and 31% of men report some degree of difficulty), it is a topic that many people are shy or uncomfortable discussing. Luckily, most cases of the sexual disorder are curable, so it is important to share your concerns with your partner and doctor.
Physical reasons. Many physical or medical circumstances can cause difficulties with sexual function. These conditions include diabetes, heart disease, neurological diseases, hormonal imbalances, menopause plus such chronic diseases as kidney disease or liver failure, alcoholism, or drug abuse. In addition, the side effects of certain medications, including some antidepressant drugs, can affect sexual desire and function.
Psychological causes. These include work-related stress and anxiety, concern about sexual enactment, marital or relationship problems, depression, feelings of guilt, or the effects of past sexual trauma.
This involves a lack of sexual desire or curiosity about sex. Many factors can subsidize sexual desire, including hormonal variations, medical disorders and treatments (for example, cancer and chemotherapy), depression, pregnancy, stress, and fatigue. Boredom with regular sexual routines also may contribute to a lack of passion for sex, as can lifestyle factors, such as careers and the care of children.
For women, the inability to become physically aroused during sexual activity often involves an inadequate amount of vaginal lubrication. This inability also may be related to anxiety or poor stimulation. In addition, researchers are investigating how blood flow complications affecting the vagina and clitoris may contribute to arousal problems.
This is the lack of sexual climax (orgasm). It can be caused by a woman's sexual shyness, inexperience, lack of knowledge, and psychological factors such as guilt, anxiety, or past sexual trauma or abuse. Other factors contributing to orgasm include inadequate stimulation, certain medications, and chronic diseases.
Pain during intercourse can be caused by several problems, including endometriosis, a pelvic mass, ovarian cysts, vaginitis, poor lubrication, the presence of scar tissue from surgery, or a sexually transmitted disease. A condition called vaginismus is a painful, involuntary spasm of the muscles that surround the vaginal entrance. It may occur in women who fear that penetration will be painful and also may stem from a sexual phobia or a previous traumatic or painful experience.
Hormones play a key role in variable sexual function in women. With the decrease in the female hormone estrogen that is related to aging and menopause, many women implicate some changes in sexual function at any time of life, including reduced vaginal lubrication and reduced genital sensation. In many situation low levels of the male hormone testosterone also contribute to a decline in sexual desire, genital sensation, and orgasm.
The best method for the treatment of female sexual dysfunction involves a team effort between the women, doctors, and partner.
There will be a mixture of medicinal treatment through pure herbal formulation and counseling for the patient as well as the partner ….exercise, diet, different technics for the sexual intercourse also will be told by the doctor .
If the case is acute the course duration will be around 2-4 months
If the case is chronic then the patient should continue the medicine till it gets cured